The Common Pine Shoot Beetle is a brown to black coleopteran, 3.5 to 4.8 mm long, and somewhat resemble individuals of Dendroctonus in general appearance, but the funicle of the antenna is composed of six antennomeres.
The Oak Pinhole Borer is one of the species responsible for the death of the cork oak in Portugal and in the Mediterranean.
The Red Palm Weevil species of Lepidoptera is 2-5mm in length and very serious pest that attacks palm trees.
The pine processionary is a lepidopteran 30-50mm in span that causes significant damage to pine trees, although it can also affect firs and cedars.
The Pine Sawyer Beetle is a coleopteran of 12-26mm in length. It is a secondary insect that lives and feeds on dead or weakened pine trees.
The Gypsy Moth is a lepidopteran with a 35-65mm wingspan that causes damage to holm oak, cork oak, although it can affect other species.
The Six-spined Engraver Beetle is a coleopteran, 5.5-8.2mm in length that poses a very serious threat to pines. The most susceptible species are the Scots pine, and the black and maritime pine.
Ips Acuminatus is a small coleopteran, from 2.2 to 4mm in length, that severely damages pine forests in Europe and parts of Asia, with special emphasis on wild pine.
The Leopard Moth is a lepidopteran with a 35-70mm wingspan. It is a polyphagous species that attacks several varieties of pomes and drupes, especially apple and pear trees.
The Tomato Leafminer is a lepidopteran with a 10mm wingspan; it causes damage to tomato, aubergine, and other Solanaceae, although it has a preference for tomatoes.