The Common Pine Shoot Beetle is a brown to black coleopteran, 3.5 to 4.8 mm long, and somewhat resemble individuals of Dendroctonus in general appearance, but the funicle of the antenna is composed of six antennomeres.
The Oak Pinhole Borer is one of the species responsible for the death of the cork oak in Portugal and in the Mediterranean.
The Pine Sawyer Beetle is a coleopteran of 12-26mm in length. It is a secondary insect that lives and feeds on dead or weakened pine trees.
The Six-spined Engraver Beetle is a coleopteran, 5.5-8.2mm in length that poses a very serious threat to pines. The most susceptible species are the Scots pine, and the black and maritime pine.
Ips Acuminatus is a small coleopteran, from 2.2 to 4mm in length, that severely damages pine forests in Europe and parts of Asia, with special emphasis on wild pine.
Xyleborus is a coleopteran, belonging to the scolytidae family. It acts especially on weakened plants.